• Multi-Channel RF Synthesizers: HSX9000 Series

    Holzworth Instrumentation offers the HXS Series of Multi-Channel RF Synthesizers with phase coherent channels configured to cover combinations of 10 MHz to 3 GHz, 6 GHz, 12 GHz, 24 GHz, and 40 GHz. Delivering exceptional phase noise and spectral purity performance, these multi-channel signal sources feature unique multi-loop architecture for high frequency accuracy, channel-to-channel stability, and phase coherency.

  • World’s Fastest InGaAs Linescan Cameras: Manx SQ Series

    Xenics offers the Manx SQ series of the world’s fasted InGaAs linescan cameras with line rates of 260 kHz for high speed and quality linescan imaging. With up to 2048 pixel resolution, excellent dynamic range, and the lowest noise performance record for a 2048 pixel SWIR line camera, this imager is ideal for silicon wafer inspection, TFT screen inspection, food and agricultural produce sorting, and other industrial applications.

  • UV Enhanced Photodiodes

    OSI Optoelectronics offers an array of inversion channel series and planar diffused UV enhanced photodiodes designed to be generally sensitive between 200 to 1100 nm. These photodiodes exhibit low dark current and are typically packaged with a quartz or UV transmissive glass window. They can also be reverse biased for lower capacitance and faster rise time performance.

  • Medical Device Pouch Inspection Using Airborne Ultrasound Technology

    PTI's Seal-Scan® and Seal-Sensor® are non-contact airborne ultrasonic testing technologies.  In order to use ultrasonic inspection effectively, it must be possible to place the seal in a direct line between a pair of transducers and move it (or move the transducers) along the seal. The ultrasound is transmitted and reflected at the transition from one media to the next. The greater the acoustic difference between mediums (most evident at a gas to solid transition) the more sound is reflected and the less sound transmitted through. The variation of the material thickness has only a minor effect.

  • Single Junction, 2.4 mm Isolator: D3I3743Q

    DiTom Microwave offers the D3I3743Q single junction 2.4 mm (F) Isolator model designed to operate within the frequency range of 37 to 43 GHz with 1.2 dB of insertion loss. It is ideal for protecting active components from distortion or potentially damaging reflected power.


  • Biorasi Rescue Effort Doubles CNS Trial Enrollment Rate

    CNS trials especially can become mired down and derailed by a too-low enrollment rate. Read how using a patient network and identifying sites that best fit the needs of the trial can help overcome this challenge.

  • GoAigua’s Digital Twin Saves 1B+ Gallons Of Water/Year

    Water transport and distribution systems in many cities have become complex to manage as they are forced to adjust to the problems of population growth, resource shortages, aging infrastructure and optimization of daily network operations. Consequently, digital twins of water networks are increasingly widely used for decision-making around their operation and management.

  • How Collaboration Transformed A Generic Into A Best-In-Class New Drug

    Learn how a drug developer collaborated to transform a generic solid active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) into a commercial, sterile injectable approved by regulators.

  • Advanced Technologies Stop Plant Bypasses

    The collection system in Thief River Falls, Minnesota serves 8,500 residents.

  • Disinfection Tech Trials: How Calcium Hypochlorite Feeders Won Over Long Beach Township WTPs

    In 2012 Long Beach Island, New Jersey, was pummeled by the catastrophic storm surge of Hurricane Sandy. Three of the town's four water plants were badly damaged. Plans were made to rebuild the facilities to higher standards to withstand potential storm impacts. 

  • Granular Activated Carbon System Provides Emergency Solution To Combat Algal Toxins

    Nestled in the Finger Lakes region in upstate New York, the town of Owasco is a popular vacation spot. With about 4,000 residents, the town, along with the nearby community of Auburn, relies on Owasco Lake for its drinking water. In 2016, Owasco and Auburn detected algal toxins in their finished water for the first time. With the busy summer tourist season quickly approaching, GHD contacted Calgon Carbon.

  • Reconditioned And Rehabbed Filters Succeed At Large Treatment Plant

    A large treatment plant includes several treatment processes that contribute to providing quality recycled water pursuant to the state of California Title 22 regulations. Major treatment processes include raw wastewater pumping, preliminary treatment, primary treatment, secondary treatment, tertiary treatment with Parkson DynaSand® filters, and disinfection.

  • Aire-O2 Triton® Helps A California Vineyard Meet Wastewater Treatment Compliance

    A California vineyard was faced with the challenge of meeting wastewater treatment compliance under a tight deadline defined by local regulators, while receiving ongoing odor complaints from the community.

  • How Autotask Implemented An Ad Hoc BI Reporting Tool

    Since its founding in 2001, Autotask has become the #1 provider of web-based IT Services Management Software, used by thousands of IT service professionals worldwide. Autotask's success is based on its proven ability to help IT service professionals automate and manage people, projects, and processes more efficiently and to run their businesses better and more profitably.

  • Simple And Smart: How Radio-Read Meters Are Improving Meter Reading

    When Hank Zwart took over as director of public works in 2014, the city was in the initial phases of installing a walkby system that was eight-year-old technology. Knowing this older metering technology is not the best way forward, Zwart and the City of Prescott decided to implement the latest AMR technology that supports future migration to AMI. To meet this goal, City of Prescott chose Kamstrup’s READy AMR system.

  • Nucleus ROI Report: Ricoh South Pacific

    Ricoh SP was using eight different applications for sales and service. Learn how the company realized it needed a solution that could unify company data across the locations and enable it to become proactive, with optimized scheduling to reduce expenses and improve productivity.

  • DiscGenics Collaboration Successfully Develops Allogeneic Therapy To Enable Efficient Manufacturing

    DiscGenics had established a novel process to generate cells for their allogeneic therapy, but knew they needed to improve the efficiency of the process as well as lower the cost of manufacturing. However, they found that many CDMOs that they approached for assistance in developing the new technology were not interested in a standalone process development project.



The science of measuring and controlling variables is termed instrumentation. As the name suggests, the process involves using a wide variety of instruments. These are classified as any device that can measure amounts that are physically quantifiable. These instruments do not have to be extremely complex in design. For example, the ruler is an instrument to measure distance, and a simple thermometer measures temperature.
Instruments specific to petrochemical processing include platinum Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTD’s), P/I Converters, many types of level meters, chromatographs, and continuous gas analyzers. These instruments are essential to the day to day instrumentation at petrochemical plants, as it is impossible to gauge to the necessary extent by estimation alone. Human error is inevitable, but an instrument can easily be calibrated or replaced.
Now that you understand the definition of and tools used in instrumentation, you should also understand the necessity of it. Temperature and pressure meters serve to ensure that the environment stays safe for both the chemicals being processed and the employees of the plant. Heat is a very well-documented activator in chemical reactions. If the temperature rises to unusual levels, this could spark an undesired chemical reaction that could prove catastrophic. The flow meter must measure how much oil is leaving the refinery, as it is a very volatile substance. Analytical instruments, such as the chromatograph, analyze the chemical make-up of the refined oil. This allows for the opportunity to make sure that the chemical make-up is correct, giving evidence that the process was correctly completed at all stages of refinement.